1902 – Paintings of the Edwardian Era.
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Edward VII had his coronation in August this year and we enter the new Edwardian year with Picasso most definitely having gone all blue!
Even Matisse is starting to go blue in this year – maybe post-Victorian ‘Blues’ is catching!
Gwen John painted a self portrait this year. Her more celebrated brother Augustus John believed she was the better painter.
In this year Édouard Vuillard was taking time out between his exhibitions at the Salon des Indépendants of 1901 and at the Salon d’Automne in 1903.
Now based in Munich Alexej von Jawlensky was progressing (see one of his pieces this year below) but in this year still yet to make the contacts that would see his expressionist future.
John Duncan Fergusson became part of the enormous growth in artistic talent that Paris was home to at the beginning of the twentieth century. He painted this self-portrait in this year.
Stanhope Alexander Forbes was a founding member of the influential Newlyn school of painters.
He was often called ‘the father of the Newlyn School’. He completed this study for his painting in this year entitled ‘Lighting up time’.
Tivadar Csontváry Kosztkawas a Hungarian painter who was part of the avant-garde movement of the early twentieth century. He was one of the first Hungarian painters to become known in Europe. On 15 December 2006 the Kieselbach Gallery in Budapest sold at auction The Rendezvous (1902) (“Meeting of the lovers”) shown here, was bought by an anonymous client for more than one million EUR.
Jacek Malczewski is one of the most revered painters of Poland, associated with the patriotic Young Poland movement following the century of Partitions.
He is regarded as father of Polish Symbolism. In his creative output, Malczewski combined the predominant style of his times, with the historical motifs of Polish martyrdom, the Romantic ideals of independence, the Christian and Greek traditions, folk mythology, as well as his love of natural environment. He painted this picture ‘Angel of Death’ in 1902.
Cézanne is said to have formed the bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and the early 20th century’s new line of artistic enquiry, Cubism. This painting titled ‘Forest’ he started in 1902.
The first large-scale bronze casting of Rodin’s ‘The Thinker’ was finished in 1902 but not presented to the public until 1904.
I guess we can’t get by in this series without a portrait of the Era’s namesake! Edward VII was crowned on 9th August 1902 and this portrait by Henry John Hudson is of this year.
Anna Richards Brewster was an American painter who painted this picture of the Whitelands College May Day Procession, 1902. In 1881 Ruskin inaugurated the annual May Day ceremonies. It was Ruskin’s wish that each year the women students should elect ‘the likeablest and the loveablest’ of their number to be their May Queen. This enchanting tradition has survived and each year the current students vote in their May Monarch.
John William Waterhouse was an English painter known was known as “the modern Pre-Raphaelite”. Borrowing stylistic influences not only from the earlier Pre-Raphaelites but also from his contemporaries, the Impressionists, his artworks were known for their depictions of women from both ancient Greek mythology and Arthurian legend.
Piere Bonnard painted these two paintings in this year. Unlike the Impressionists before him he did not paint from life but rather drew his subject—sometimes photographing it as well—and made notes on the colours and then painted the canvas in his studio.
Philip Steer was Professor of Painting at the Slade School of Fine Art in London (he would teach there until 1930). Although he would continue the Slade tradition of realism in painting (as in this painting of this year) he would influence generations of young artists including Augustus John, William Orpen, Stanley Spencer, Paul Nash and Anna Airy.
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